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Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the 100+ cannabinoids naturally produced by the cannabis plant (FYI, hemp is also considered “cannabis”). CBD is highly therapeutic, non-addictive, and non-intoxicating. Cannabinoids (like CBD) act on receptors found throughout the body, allowing for its therapeutic benefits.
The minuscule glands of the hemp plant that excrete cannabinoids (like CBD) also produce terpenes, which are what give cannabis its distinct aroma. Terpenes are not exclusive to cannabis, and can be found throughout nature. In addition to providing cannabis with its unique scent, terpenes also have their own therapeutic benefits. And when you combine cannabinoids and terpenes, their therapeutic properties our compounded, thanks to their synergistic relationship.
Full-spectrum oil is the closest to whole plant medicine. It includes all of the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids naturally found in the hemp plant. This includes THC, but only a 0.3%, which is not enough to cause intoxication. Broad-spectrum oil is similar to full-spectrum oil, except that it does not include the cannabinoid, THC. Isolate is the isolated molecule of CBD. Isolate is not an oil, but a fine, white powder, comprised of 99% CBD, 0% THC.
Terpenes are aromatic molecules, excreted from the minuscule glands of the cannabis plant. Terpenes provide cannabis (and other plants) with their pungent scents, and they attract pollinators, while repelling pests and herbivores. They have also been used in beauty and pharmaceutical products for centuries due to their highly therapeutic benefits. Not only do terpenes have their own medicinal properties, but research shows when cannabinoids (like CBD) and terpenes are combined, their medicinal benefits are compounded, due to their synergistic relationship. Roughly 200 different terpenes have been found in cannabis, however only a few are worth mentioning, as only concentrations above 0.05% are considered of pharmaceutical interest.
CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning you cannot get stoned or high from using it. THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis that makes the user feel “stoned”. The majority of our products are made with full-spectrum oil, meaning THC is present, but only at the legal limit of 0.3% (which is not enough to make the user feel intoxicated). We use full-spectrum oil in the majority of our products because research shows CBD is more effective when THC is present, due to their synergistic relationship. As a comparison, most marijuana strains have at least 15% THC, so comparatively, our products have 45x less THC than found in marijuana.
There are two different types of cannabinoids. There are endocannabinoids, which are naturally occurring in the human body. And there are phytocannabinoids, which are produced by the cannabis plant. CBD, THC, CBN, CBG are all examples of phytocannabinoids (often referred to as simply “cannabinoids”). Cannabinoids are molecules that bind to and activate different receptors in cells.
Our CBD and other minor cannabinoids are all grown in the United States on independent American farms in NC, VA, and southern CA, and then extracted in NC following cGMP guidelines. Additionally, our extracted cannabinoids are:
Our supplier of cannabinoid extracts sends samples to third party labs to test for pesticides, herbicides, heavy metals, and other toxins. Once the approved extracts arrive at our facility in Baltimore, MD, we test them again, using a third party facility, to confirm their results. We also test for pesticides, toxins, heavy metals, as well as the terpene profile, and THC/CBD potency. Once the extracts are cleared for use, we formulate our various products, and then test one final time to ensure each products includes the advertised concentration.
Our cannabinoid extractions are made using the cryo-ethanol method due to its efficiency, safety, and purity. Our provider also recycles and reuses over 90% of their ethanol to ensure sustainability. The extracted oil is further winterized (i.e. lipids, fats, and waxes are removed), as those components can decrease the purity of the extraction.
Our hemp-derived cannabinoids are grown using organic practices, however not all products that we formulate are vegan-friendly. Namely, our dog treats are beef-based and our topicals include beeswax. However, our tinctures, tablets, gummies, and roll-ons are all vegan-friendly.
The entourage effect is the relationship that naturally exists between cannabinoids and terpenes. It means that no one terpene or cannabinoid is as therapeutic as the sum of their parts. In other words, CBD on its own (as an isolate) is not as therapeutically effective as when combined with other cannabinoids (especially THC) and terpenes. It is why we prefer full-spectrum oil for our products over an isolate.
The Endocannabinoid System is the collection of receptors that receive cannabinoids produced by both our body (endocannabinoids) and plants (phytocannabinoids). The ECS receptors are responsible for biological and physiological processes such as appetite, pain-sensation, mood, and memory.
Everyone responds to CBD differently, so we can only offer a suggested starting dose as you establish your perfect dose. CBD is non-toxic, but can cause drowsiness if taken in large doses. Suggested dosing can be found on each product page under the “Ingredients & Directions” tab. You can also click here for more information on establishing your CBD dose.